距山东自考2016年10月份考试
您现在的位置: 山东自考网 >> 资料中心 >> 学习笔记 >> 正文
今天是:
09年10月自考英语(一)串讲笔记(unit25)
作者:山东自考   来源:山东自考   点击数:   更新时间:2009-8-15
speech of each word.

  1.disapprove approve approval disapproval

  a.She wants to be a nurse but her parents disapprove of her intention.

  b.When the girl picked her nose at the dinner table, her father looked at her with disapproval.

  c.We have obtained the authorities' approval in our involvement in the program.

  d.If my project isn't approved of by the headmaster all my work will have been wasted.

  2.discourage encourage courage encouraging(a.) courageous

  a.The young explorer feels greatly discouraged by the difficulties he has encountered.

  encount: 遇到,遭遇

  b.When his opinion is different from that of the majority, the doesn't have the courage to say what he thinks right.

  c.The speaker felt fairly confident when he got a encouraging smile from the audience.

  d.The Association for Wildlife Preservation encourages members to protect the environment.

  e.The young man was courageous enough to break away from traditional ideas.

  3.permisssible permit permission

  a.Lies are not permissible evidence in court.

  b.Nobody can enter the air base without special permission.

  c.Smoking is not permitted in public places of recreation.

  4.organism organ organic

  a.The organ of political power should serve the people.

  b.Cities are more complex organism than self–sufficient villages.

  c.In a well-written article, all the paraphs should be written into an organic whole .

  Text B Stop Worrying Now!

  Ⅰ.New words

  take it easy :don't worry

  1.含有前缀的单词:

  immobilize v. 使固定,使不动

  →mobile a. 易于快速移动的

  2.含有后缀的单词:

  virtually ad. 实际地,实质地,事实上

  obsessive a. 缠人的,强迫性的;过分的

  justify vt. 证明…是正当的;为…辩护

  error n. 错误

  erroneous a. 错误的,不正确的

  sensible a. 感觉得到的

  sensibly ad. 感觉得到地;明智地,明白事理地

  sense n. 感觉

  minimize vt.将……减到最少

  minimum n.最小值, 最少量

  maximize v. 增加到最大量

  maximum n. 最大量

  absurd a. 荒谬的

  absurdity n. 荒谬

  compulsively ad. 强迫地

  enjoyment n. 享受

  troublesome a. 令人烦恼的,讨厌的;麻烦的,难处理的

  3.合成词:

  payoff n. 发工资;付清,偿还;

  backache n. 背痛,腰痛

  4.特殊记忆:

  dividend n. 红利,利息;回报,效益

  fulfill vt. 履行;完成

  resolve vt.使分解,解析;解决,消除

  solve vt. 解决,解答

  重要词汇:

  1.distress 常用于被动语态

  n. 痛苦,苦恼

  v. 使痛苦,使苦恼

  Eg: I was most distressed to hear the sad news of your father's death .听到令尊去世的消息,我十分难过.

  2.justify v. 证明……是正当的;为…辩护

  Eg: You shouldn't attempt to justify yourself.

  3.fulfill vt. 履行(promise, duty等); 完成(task等)

  Eg: He fulfilled his promise after graduation he returned to his hometown .

  4.resolve vt. 使分解,解析;解决,消除

  Eg: Her arrival did little to resolve the situation.

  Phrases:

  1.in the first place 首先

  in the second place 其次

  Eg: I would not advise you to read that book, in the first place, it is written in English and in the second place it is very difficult.

  2.hang on to (prep)

  hung hung 悬挂

  hang

  hanged hanged 绞死

  Eg: The boy hung on to his mother's apron, and would not let go. 男孩抓着他妈妈的围裙,不让她走

  The police have only one fingerprint to hang on to. 警察只有一个指纹印可作线索.

  3.use up v.用完, 耗尽

  同义词:run down 消耗,用尽

  Eg: He used up the money he had.

  和up相关的短语:

  use up / wash up 洗净/ dry up 干得一滴水都没有了

  4.give up 放弃;让出

  give in 屈服,投降

  eg: All hope of finding the missing plane was given up.

  He doesn't give in to his fate. 他不屈服于命运

  5.back down 放弃(要求等);让步

  Eg: He said he could swim, but he backed down when we got to the lake.

  Ⅱ.Text B

  Stop Worrying Now!

  马上停止不必要的担心!

  Worry is one of the most common forms of emotional distress in our culture. Almost everyone spends a considerable amount of present moments worrying about the future. And virtually all of it is for nothing. Obsessive worry will never make things any better. In fact, such worry will very likely help you to be less effective in dealing with the present.

  1.spend ………+doing

  +in/on sth.

  eg. I spend much time in books.

  I spend much money on books.

  2.Considerable a. 相当多的

  have sb. to do 让某人….

  the +adj. 一类…

  译:在我们的日常生活中,担心是情绪上苦恼的最为普遍的形式之一.几乎每个人都会花费相当数量的大好时光用在为未来而担心.可是这一切的担心都是毫无用处的.过分的担心永远也不会使情况变得有丝毫改善.事实上,这种担心会使你处理现在的事务的工作效率变得更低.

  In order to reduce worry, it is necessary to understand the subconscious psychological “payoffs” for choosing to worry in the first place.

  it 为形式主语, to +…为真正主语

  译:为了减少担心,首先,要从心理学上弄明白,事事都担心起来,会产生什么意想不到的后果.

  “I can't do a thing. I'm too worried about &hellip

上一页  [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] 下一页

热门文章
推荐文章
| 设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 友情链接 | 版权申明 | 用户留言 | |